prime

prime [prīm]
adj.
[ME < MFr < L primus, first < OL pri, before < IE base * per-, beyond > FAR, FIRST]
1. first in time; original; primitive; primary
2. first in rank or authority; chief [the prime minister]
3. first in importance or value; principal; main [a prime advantage]
4. first in quality; of the highest excellence [prime beef]
5. from which others are derived; fundamental; basic
6. Math.
a) of or being a prime number
b) having no factor in common except 1 [9 and 16 are prime to each other]
n.
[ME < OE prim < L prima ( hora), first (hour): see PRIME the adj.]
1.
a) [often P-] R.C.Ch. a part of the Divine Office orig. assigned to the first hour of daylight (in the Liturgy of the Hours, both Lauds and Prime have been replaced by Morning Prayer)
b) the first hour of the daylight, conventionally taken to begin about 6 a.m.
c) the earliest part of something; beginning
2.
a) springtime
b) the springtime of life; youth
3.
a) the best, most vigorous, or most fully mature period or stage of a person or thing [a soprano in her prime]
b) the best part of anything
c) the best of several or many; pick; cream
4. a symbol (′) used
5.
a) to distinguish between different values of the same variable
b) to distinguish a letter, number, or other character from another of the same kind, as A′
c) for certain units of measure, as feet or minutes of arc
6. Math. PRIME NUMBER
7. Music UNISON
vt.
primed, priming
1. to make ready; prepare [a team primed for a game]
2. to prepare (a gun) for firing or (a charge) for exploding by providing with priming or a primer
3.
a) to get (a pump) into operation by pouring in water until the suction is established
b) to get (a carburetor, etc.) into operation by adding extra fuel
4. to undercoat, size, etc. (a surface) in preparation as for painting
5. to provide (a person) beforehand with information, answers, etc.
vi.
1. to prime a person or thing
2. to let a spray of water mix with the steam forced into the cylinder, as of a steam engine
primeness
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prime — 1. (pri m ) adj.    Mot ancien qui signifiait premier, et qui n est plus usité seul ; on s en sert encore dans les locutions suivantes. 1°   De prime abord, en premier lieu. •   De prime abord sont par la bonne dame Expédiés tous les péchés menus …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Prime — can refer to: * Prime number, an integer greater than 1 which is only divisible by 1 and itself * Prime (symbol), the ′ mark ** 3′ end and 5′ end ( three prime end , five prime end ) in biochemistry * Prime (liturgy), a liturgical office (service …   Wikipedia

  • Prime — Prime, a. [F., fr. L. primus first, a superl. corresponding to the compar. prior former. See {Prior}, a., {Foremost}, {Former}, and cf. {Prim}, a., {Primary}, {Prince}.] 1. First in order of time; original; primeval; primitive; primary. Prime… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prime — • Article on the office of Prime, now suppressed Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Prime     Prime     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Prime — Prime, n. 1. The first part; the earliest stage; the beginning or opening, as of the day, the year, etc.; hence, the dawn; the spring. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] In the very prime of the world. Hooker. [1913 Webster] Hope waits upon the flowery… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prime-1 — [ˌpraɪm ˈwʌn] noun [singular] FINANCE a rating given by some credit showing that the risk of non payment of a loan etc is very low. Prime 1 is the best rating, followed by prime 2 and prime 3: • Moody s assigned their top ratings prime 1 and A 1… …   Financial and business terms

  • PRIME — (Privacy and Identity Management for Europe / Datenschutz und Identitätsmanagement für Europa) ist der Name eines Projektes innerhalb des 6. EU Rahmenprogramms. Der Start des PRIME Projektes fand in Brunnen, Schweiz, vom 8. bis 12. März 2004… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • prime — PRIME. s. f. La premiere des heures Canoniales. Chanter Prime. assister à Prime. Il se dit aussi d une sorte de Jeu aux cartes. Il y a deux sortes de prime. la grand prime. la petite prime. cartes de prime. joüer à la prime. il a perdu son argent …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • prime — 1 n 1: prime rate 2: general contractor prime 2 vt primed, prim·ing: to have priority over a perfected security …   Law dictionary

  • Prime-2 — Prime 1/Prime 2/Prime 3 ► FINANCE a rating (= measurement of how good something is) given to a loan to show how much of a risk there is that the loan will not be paid back. A Prime 1 rating means that the risk is very low. A Prime 2 or Prime 3… …   Financial and business terms

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